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International Journal of Oral Implantology



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Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) 13 (2020), No. 3     2. Sep. 2020
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) 13 (2020), No. 3  (02.09.2020)

Page 269-277, PubMed:32879931

Angulated screw-retained and cemented implant crowns following flapless immediate implant placement in the aesthetic region: A 1-year prospective cohort study
Shi, Jun-Yu / Lv, Xiao-Lei / Gu, Ying-Xin / Lai, Hong-Chang
Purpose: To compare the short-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of angulated screw-retained and cemented implant crowns following flapless immediate implant placement.
Materials and methods: The study was designed as a prospective cohort study with 1-year follow-up. Eligible patients were divided into two groups according to restoration type: the angulated screw group (AG) and the cemented group (CG). Implant survival, marginal bone loss, mechanical complications, probing depth, bleeding on probing% and pink aesthetic score were evaluated.
Results: After 1 year of loading, the implant survival rate was 100% in both groups (AG, n = 23; CG, n = 20). A significantly lower bleeding on probing% was found in the AG than in the CG (11.6 ± 19.1% vs. 33.3 ± 33.8%, P = 0.04). No significant differences in marginal bone loss, probing depth and mechanical complication rates were found between the two groups (P = 0.53, 0.48, 0.41, respectively). The overall pink aesthetic score value was 8.96 ± 0.88 in the AG and 8.98 ± 0.62 in the CG at 1-year examination (P = 0.96). The percentage of excellent pink aesthetic scores (≥ 9) value increased from 48% at baseline to 83% at 1 year in the AG, and from 45% at baseline to 85% at 1 year in the CG.
Conclusion: Based on the 1-year results, both treatment options provide high implant survival, a stable marginal bone level and excellent aesthetic outcomes in the short term. Angulated screw-retained crowns might benefit the long-term peri-implant conditions.

Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Keywords: angulated screw-retained crown, cemented implant crown, flapless, immediate implant placement
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